junie browning record junie browning record

Both of these victories came by way of submission. That guy is more then likely going to win the show. Maybe he's a LOT better at Bantam? He was released by the organization in 2009. Reports say he was allegedly physically assaulted by an expatriate female at the bar, which was followed by threats against Junie's life by locals involved with the Thai mafia. I'm not taking anything away for the kid. so now we know that he wins. I love the whole TUF idea, but Dana has taken this to a place MMA doesn't need to lower themselves too. Where is he now? I was really amazed at how bad Rob lost. It was pretty clear that he was on his way to superstardom. I'm not sure where to place my frustation on this whole reality TV crap. All we are asking for is help from people we can trust which brings us here now. LIGHT HEAVYWEIGHTSVinny Magalhaes TEAM MIRProfessional Record: 3-2, 1 No ContestA native of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, Magalhaes is the second competitor on the eight seasons of The Ultimate Fighter from Brazil (Jorge Gurgel Season 3). I was pulling for the dude fighting Rob like he was BJ Penn. Junie Allen Browning, a UFC veteran known for his outrageous behavior on season eight of The Ultimate Fighter, was arrested Tuesday in Henderson, Nev., according to the Las Vegas Review-Journal. Shortly after his suicide attempt in 2009, Junie Brownings highly valued UFC contract was terminated. While in high school, he joined the school football team and actively played. I guess I was think'n that he wudn't even be there 'till he wins. After his UFC contract was terminated, Junie Browning went on to fight on different platforms including the MMA Big Show,MMA Fight Pit, Clements, Showdown Fights, WBFN Wild Bills, and HRMMA Hardrock MMA. We are victims of a viscous assault and attempt on our lives. If so, then that guy has crisp striking. In 2009, Browning was arrested after assaulting nurses in a Nevada hospital. The fight resulted in Browning having to go to the hospital for treatment. Stay informed, connected, and inspired in an ever-changing ECE landscape. I said in my last post that I would really like to see him fight at his weight. On his Facebook profile, Browning admits to getting into a bar fight after someone "and about 10 of his friends started a fight". He was using different styles of strikes to keep a bigger and heavier fighter away from him, and he was outpointing him easily. Avg. Ticketmaster, as well as http://www.mmabigshow.com/. Rob was a lot smaller then the guy he was fighting. Average Submissions Attempted per 15 minutes, The Ultimate Fighter: Team Nogueira vs. WebLosers of MMA: Junie Browning OnFullBlast 1.78K subscribers Subscribe 18 Share 3.8K views 1 year ago Thanks to todays Sponsor Dubby! After being booted by the UFC, Starnes went 4-4. I archive anything ufc on my computer, I have pre-fights/weigh-ins/full ppv/ post fights/ and ultimate fighter episodes in hd on my comp. I just don't think theres the talent on the US team to beat the UK team. We are seeking the assistance of the U.S. Embassy and want to clear my name of the wrong-doing I was accused of.. I mean he was basically seeing stars and doing nothing to protect himself. The money involved in the tuf contract is low, its been addressed many times from interviewers of the fighters, BUT compared to nothing or fighting hometown tourneys yea its a good deal. You get probably 30Gs a fight for 3 years (more or less, depending on how well you do) and because you win the show, you get hooked up with AMAZING SPONSORS! Browse our hundreds of reports, webinars, one-pagers and checklists covering many topics related to child care. He has gotten himself in trouble a number of times because of what some have described as his erratic behavior. Any hopes of a winning streak and eventual comeback to the UFC were unfortunately snuffed out for Sell when he lost to. I have an opinion as do you' date=' you will not sway mine just as i will not sway yours. Browning made his professional debut against Logan Barger on January 19, 2008, fighting on the regional circuit. Last seen in the UFC: Submission loss to Cole Miller at UFC Fight Night 18 on April 1st, 2009. According to a police report, the UFC star had tried to overdose on drugs by taking as many as 16 pills of Klonopin, an anti-anxiety drug so as to harm himself. Sunday night, we arrived at a small bar in Karon with two other females, one of which was friends with the owner. Explore the Learning Center and discover courses covering industry standard best practices in child care. He was like " not if you fight like that your not " ahhhh it was priceless, The fighter that beat Jr Dumba** is a very solid fighter and definetly one of the better American fighters. Are You Ready to Open a Child Care Business? Apparently, his fighting career has not been as pronounced and highlighted as his brother, Junie Browning. Nover currently holds a rank of brown belt under his Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu Teacher Alexandre "Soca" Freitas and fights out of Team Insight. By deadorkicking.com Editorial Team. He constantly struggled with his anger management and was warned twice by organizers for his impolite actions on the show. In only a few seconds, my girlfriend was thrown across the street and I had been hit from behind in the back of the head by a glass beer bottle. While Browning trained with team Mir, he repeatedly stated that other members on the team, namely future opponent Dave Kaplan, refused to train with him due to his intensity during training. :mad: Any real instructor that teaches to fight would kick either of the brownings out and refuse to teach them if they seen how they actually acted. Looking for fee assistance or respite care? Famous for: Choking out Phil Baroni, losing to Scott Smith in epic fashion. WebJunie A Browning, (502) 234-3292, LA Public Records Instantly. Defranco, was horribly disappointing in his match. There have been various prominent figures throughout MMA history, but several of them, both old and (relatively) new, have seemingly vanished into thin air; they haven't been discussed by anyone in quite some time. The ones that talk are usually that way because they're the ones with something to prove' date=' its usually to make up for a lack of in ring talent. In his elimination bout he defeated by TKO Jose Aguilar, who did not answer the bell for the second round. He made a winning start to his career, defeating Logan Barger who carried a 0-0-0 professional MMA record into the fight. I don't agree with his actions outside the ring and I wouldn't want to have to watch it for the whole season, but the kid might have skills at 135. By Junie Browning beat Logan Barger by KO/TKO at 1:20 of Round 1. Knockdown Avg. But like I said, If he would have Mounted or at least got side control he could have rained down punches and the ref would have stopped it. Birthday: May 12, 1985. Honestly, go watch that match again. Who would be the judges for that one lol. He went 1-1 in the organization and hasn't returned since. You guys make things out way worse then they actually are. And who the hell was this guy 4-0 against? A takedown is awarded when a fighter deliberately grapples an opponent to the ground and establishes an advantageous position for an appreciable amount of time. Former Ultimate Fighter castmember Junie Brownings long, strange trip through Thailand may finally be coming to a close.. Browning was sought by police after he was involved in a bar brawl in Phuket last week, and has since sent out pleas to the U.S. Embassy seeking refuge to exit the country and get back to the United States.. A: Stupid, and what you think doesn't matter, B: Know very little about MMA and what you think doesn't matter. who did the egg get smashed ON? He also refused to appear in court for trial. He has now reportedly become a coach at 4 Seasons MMA where he teaches students alongside his long-time friend and trainer Michael ODonnell. Bio (Age) and Husband. Pro Record At Fight : 0-0-0 N/A (Exhibition Bout) Record After Fight : N/A (Exhibition Bout) United States Nationality : United States Los Angeles, California : He didnt even try to prevent the guy from posturing. He threw glass cups at both Kyle Kingsbury and Shane Primm, his castmates on the show, and was almost removed from the show. only, please. He won the bout by submission due to a triangle choke. Brownings UFC contract was terminated because he was accused of assaulting nurses in the hospital and threatening to kill them. His opponent was terrible, I mean that guy was completely horrid. Apparently, he debuted with a bang to the delight of his fans. In more recent times, Browning has tried to turn a new leaf. Also fighting on the Spike TV card will be the previously announced rematch of UFC welterweights Kevin Burns and Anthony Rumble Johnson and a middleweight clash between Jason The Athlete MacDonald and Wilson Gouveia. He hasn't fought since then, despite expressing a desire to do so back in 2010. I'm tired of trying to figure out what is being said by most of the cast including Dana, as they seem to think that profanity is required to complete a sentence. Fame is fleeting, especially so in MMA where you're only as good as your last fight. How much is an NBA Championship Ring worth? They said that local Thais and mafia had a price on my head and were headed to the hospital and both my girlfriend and my life were at risk. I don't know where they found 4 idiots to lose to himI think I could have beat him last night. , amassing an impressive record of 7-2. Nover lost his Bellator debut to the Polish fighter Marcin Held, by controversial split decision. It was here that he was raised. weight class. I'e never rooted for someone I've never seen fight like that before. I don't think we got a true look at his skill. Sokoudjou is 7-7 since leaving the UFC and is barely over .500 at 12-10. He's not in the contest, and he's getting his tv time either way. View our latest report, The Year in Child Care: 2021 Data, Analysis and Recommendations, Fee Assistance and Respite Care for Military/DoD Families. Prior to coming to the states in 2005, Magalhaes was studying for a physical education degree in Brazil, but has since changed his career path and now trains full-time in order to become a UFC champion. When one arrived, I jumped in and we headed home to pack. wtf stat modding to get him in the ufc wtf is going on. He began training in martial arts at age nine and attended Leon Goldstein High School in Brooklyn. His most recent fight was a loss to Canadian prospect Steve Boss. Browning finally got his chance to rise to stardom in 2008 when he took part inThe Ultimate Fighter, an American reality television series and mixed martial arts. Read our latest blog on how important the 118th Congress is for the fight for affordable and accessible child care for all families. I agree!! Read and find out! TEAM MIR FINALS ARE SET, PHILLIPE NOVER vs. EFRAIN ESCUDERORYAN BADER vs. VINNY MAGALHAES, LIVE Saturday, December 13 At 9:00pm From The Palms In Las Vegas, The televised fight card will open with the seasons most controversial contestant, Junie Browning, against fellow castmate and nemesis Dave Kaplan. The show which is produced by the Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), features MMA fighters being made to live together in Las Vegas and shows them as they go about training themselves and competing against each other to win a contract with the UFC. He impressed fans by winning three straight fights with all the victories coming by way of TKO. And yes this looks to be the worst ultimate fighter yet, i seen no talent whatsoever yet out of any of the fighters >_< ufc get your **** together. Junie Browning lost to Brian Stevens by Submission at 1:31 of Round 2. In 2011, Junie Browning traveled to Phuket, one of the southern provinces and the biggest island in Thailand. IMO that was two cans of beans fighting each other for a shot that someone else deserved. UEFA Champions League: Will Messi, Mbappe take on Bayern? Well usually when you fight at your weight class.. you do a lot better. I do not know why she was mad. You should have to earn your way in. Spike TVs Internet address is www.spike.com and for up-to-the-minute and archival press information and photographs, visit Spike TV's press site at http://www.spike.com/press. Currently living in Chandler, AZ, Bader enjoys lake-related sports in his spare time. a little Nick Diaz hand movement and then he was toast as soon as it hit the ground. Defranco wasn't even trying to stop it, it was insane.. If he was trying to put on a show, he should have gotten the more positive attitude. lol I'm not a fan of people that make trouble just to make trouble. When it comes to his professional record, well, there is a zero in the loss column. Click an image below for Ring Girl Gallery, Jon Jones scoffs at long layoffs ahead of UFC 285, Stipe Miocic promised winner of Jon Jones vs. Ciryl Gane, Conor McGregor uses UFC 285 Weigh-in to film Road House | VIDEO, UFC 285 Ceremonial Weigh-in Video: Valentina Shevchenko and Alexa Grasso Face-Off, Browning tells a different tale than was originally reported, UFC 285 Ceremonial Weigh-in Video: Jon Jones and Ciryl Gane Face-Off, UFC 285: Jones vs. Gane Ceremonial Weigh-in Video, UFC fans welcome Jon Jones back with raucous cheers | VIDEO, UFC President Dana White absolutely believes in ring rust, Charles Oliveira predicts Michael Chandler to KO Conor McGregor, Daniel Cormier offers advice for Jake Pauls next move, Sean OMalley: Jon Jones just knows how to win, Daniel Cormier will call Jon Jones heavyweight title fight. My vision in my right eye is impaired; I am in severe pain; I am going through fainting and dizzy spells, and have severe head trauma, said Browning. Learn more about child care in public policy, access advocacy resources, and get updates on opportunities to engage in the effort to change the child care landscape. On the 21st of April Superior Challenge announced on their website that the bout had been canceled. For a second time I received a mass blow over the head with a thick glass mug that split my head open and made me fall to the floor. Former Ultimate Fighter contestant Junie Browning is in hiding and on the run after an incident in Thailand. Where is he now: Bellator, but not after a hiatus from the sport. If he would have just passed to side control and G/P him or mounted and then G/P he would have finished easily. We present you with some interesting and revealing facts about the MMA star. Team UK ha like 6 or 7 Thats just sad. Last seen in the UFC: Unanimous decision loss to Kimbo Slice at The Ultimate Fighter Season 10 finale on December 5th, 2009. lol debate me for an easy win? Defranco was basically given a walk through and was almost got ran through himself.[/quote']. LIGHTWEIGHTSEfrain Escudero TEAM NOGUEIRA Professional Record: 11-0The 22-year-old mixed martial arts fighter sports a perfect 10-0 professional record as a member of Southwest MMA in Tucson, AZ. 1. level 2. Some reports say he was deported but this is not certain. Like that's the reward you aint sett'n foot in that house 'till u win. division of wrestling. Junie "The Lunatik" Browning is a 36 year old male fighter from United States with 5 pro wins and 6 losses. Learn How rich is He in this year and how He spends money? Browning, a/k/a "The Lunatik," SLpM - Join us for partnership and thought leadership as we unpack todays child care challenges and opportunities. But i'm not see'ing anyone that really looks like he's going to dominate all the way through tuf. The combat sportsman was born in Florida, a southeastern U.S. state. ya' date=' I can't believe they showed that when we're not supposed to kno that he's even in the house yet. Only 2 caught my eye for the US team. The guy who fought his friend was ok too. Browning most recently fought Jeremy Myers at Hardrock MMA 84 on Saturday October 15, 2016. I was screaming at the dude through the TV then he got caught in a RNC the next round and I couldn't stop laughing LOL, thats what you get. Declaring now that the overly patriotic americans are not looking so strong. This means he is 37 years old at the moment. On the uk side i see the black dude dean doing very well, the guy that ko'd the bigger red headed kid like dan said "had no power" he will get crushed in competition (quote me on it ; ) ) This is from someone that has actually trained but thats just my opinion, none of the fighters really stood out that would be a real contender in the ufc without lots of time and octagon experience. Fighting out of class is rough on you, and then the pressure of trying to make it on TUF. Browning most recently fought Jeremy Myers at He eventually became friends with ODonnell. Tait Fletcher Bio: Net Worth, Height, and Wife of the MMA Fighter-Turned-Actor, Who Is Brett Cooper of PFL? Those four can stay at the motel 6 down the street until their fight. Unfortunately, his endeavors in the regional scene weren't very successful. Type above and press Enter to search. that sux. Only 2 caught my eye for the US team. The ones that talk are usually that way because they're the ones with something to prove, its usually to make up for a lack of in ring talent. Bader, who has previously worked as a sales and marketing representative for a telecommunications company in Phoenix, trains with Arizona Combat Sports. He just didn't have anything for the other guy down there. Hours later, my phone began to ring with numerous reliable sources stating that we were not safe and we needed to leave now! Smashing eggs and acting a fool doesn't impress me. : After the loss to Slice, Alexander fought on smaller, more regional cards. Its really pathetic. When he returned from Thailand, Junie Browning went back home to Kentucky where he now resides. It is actually a really solid deal. WebJunie Browning Birthday and Age. What's the state of child care in your state. Def. You cant possibly believe these are the best fighters the usa and uk can produce do you?[/quote']. Just to be sure, why dont you go look it up? Spike TV is available in 97.7 million homes and is a division of MTV Networks. This year's Symposium features five unique learning tracks, preview our concurrent sessions now. Charisa Sigala Bio How Old Is She and Who Is Her Husband? Junie Browning is not the only person from his family interested in combat sports; as a matter of fact, he has a younger brother called Rob Browning who is also a fighter. Learn how and when to remove this template message, The Ultimate Fighter: Team Nogueira vs. The AllStar MMA Picks: The Ultimate Collaboration Between FightPicks and Fanatics MMA. Available nowon Google Play & and the iOS App Store. IMO that was two cans of beans fighting each other for a shot that someone else deserved. WebLatest on Junie Browning including news, stats, videos, highlights and more on ESPN When is TUF going to have a No Puds Allowed policy? But i'm not see'ing anyone that really looks like he's going to dominate all the way through tuf. During the show, Browning impressed judges by winning his first two fights before losing the semi-final match against Efrain Escudero. I would like to see what he could do at 135 though. Junie Browning was born on 12 May, 1985 in Lexington, Kentucky, United States, is an American mixed martial arts fighter. 10 Facts to Know, Who Is Taylor Starling Killa Bee and Is She Married? Any hopes of a winning streak and eventual comeback to the UFC were unfortunately snuffed out for Sell when he lost to Canadian Nordine Taleb a month ago at Ring of Combat XXXVIII. They were in the house prior to his fight happening to get on the show. He was clearly a very active young boy with high prospects in sports. He had a good G/P and his stand up was faily good. that is pathetic. Bader continued his education at Arizona State University where he was a 2-time All-American and 3-time All-Pac-10 wrestler. You cant possibly believe these are the best fighters the usa and uk can produce do you? I just want to note if you watched that match with an unbiased eye Rob was doing VERY good. He left the UFC at 9-3, and he is now 18-16 and on a seven-fight losing streak. Road To The Finals:Episode 8: defeated Dave Kaplan via rear naked choke in Round 1Episode 11: defeated George Roop via kimura submission in Round 1. Catalyzing Growth: Using Data to Change Child Care. Maybe he put on the show because he was on tv, but who knows. of Fights: 11 Wins: 5 Losses: 6 Draws: 0 Junie Brownings Height: 5 feet 9 inches Weight: 155 lbs (70kg) Frequently I stood up looking for my attacker and found myself surrounded by a mob of people. His offenders suffered no serious injuries other than minor abrasions to their hands and lower arms.[10]. - Thoughts? Escudero, who is close friends with training partner and former UFC fighter Drew Fickett, grew up in Yuma, AZ and was a state champion wrestler at Cibola High School in the 140lb. We had contacted a cab and he was on his way to meet us. hummm true. The Defranco fight was a joke. - maybe his opponent was the victim of a pre-fight EGGING! So he was surrounded by a group of 12-15 of his closest friends who had been drinking in celebration previous to our arrival. Junie The Lunatik Browning is a 37 year old Male fighter from United States with a 5-6-0 pro MMA record. From Infogalactic: the planetary knowledge core. that sux. [7] Most recently, Browning lost to Swedish MMA-fighter Reza Madadi in Superior Challenge 5 on May 1, 2010 via Submission (Guillotine Choke) at 0:22 round 2. : Lost in space. The egg incident occurred before his fight. There was an attempt to end my life and I am begging for help from the U.S. Embassy.. I assumed she was mad that we were leaving the party because we were on our way out to meet our cab. Significant Strike Defence (the % of opponents strikes that did not land), TD Avg. Famous for: Being the very first middleweight champion in UFC history. For the US well there is only two guys that impressed me at all. Bio, Age, and Net Worth, Where Is Junie Browning and Who Is His Brother Rob Browning? The 1 real question I have is how was Brownings record 4-0? Last seen in the UFC: Submission loss to Alan Belcher at UFC 71 on May 26th, 2007. Fortunately, he was found by two of his friends who consequently rushed him to the hospital for treatment. As they grew older, their interest in combat sports increased and it was clear to everyone they wanted to carve out careers as combat sportsmen. wanted for allegedly instigating a bar fight. For those who dont know, the career record stands at 107-6-2. wtf stat modding to get him in the ufc wtf is going on. According to our findings, Brownings family relocated to Kentucky, another southeastern U.S. state shortly after he was born. Team Mir. I don't know where they found 4 idiots to lose to himI think I could have beat him last night. A discussion via text message with one of the girls I had arrived with resulted in MJ Castro and Simon Menzies confronting me in the street, recalled Browning. I mean how can you train in Thailand and be that bad at STRIKING!??????? The guy that fought his friend had a lot of tattoos. Most guys starting out make between 5G and 15G. Famous for: Being lauded as the next Anderson Silva but being a total bust. it was just a good feeling to see Browning curled up like a girl and getting bombed onI think I broke my DVR rewinding it LOL. Incidentally, Rob Browning also happens to be a mixed martial artist and is said to be close to his brother. Despite his actions during The Ultimate Fightershow, Junie Browning managed to land a contract with UFC (Ultimate Fighting Championship) and finally turned pro. I seen junnie with a garbage record something like 3-6 then last fight night he has a 3-0 ?? The redheaded kid that everyone thought looked like Shawn White, and the last guy to fight was pretty good. Def: Road To The Finals:Episode 3: knocked out Tom Lawlor in the first round Episode 11: won a unanimous decision over Eliot Marshall. Browning has fought 2 times in the UFC. According to the MMA.tv database, Robert Browning has a 1-0 professional record and a 4-2 amateur mark. He is reportedly dedicated to making quite an impact as a coach. Incidentally, Rob Browning also happens to be a mixed martial artist and is said to be close to his brother. 19. Defranco was basically given a walk through and was almost got ran through himself. Where is he now? that is pathetic. Have you seen the ratings? Junie was annoying enough then his brother has to come on and try to carry the legacy!? WebJunie Browning is an MMA fighter, who participated as a lightweight on the UFC's season 8 of The Ultimate Fighter: Team Nogueira v.s. He was beating on him for 2 minutes with no defense and STILL COULDNT FINISH THE FIGHT! He just had absolutely no answer except curling up and hoping it got stopped. Your email address will not be published. 155 lbs | Pro MMA Cole Miller defeats Junie Browning via Submission at 1:58 of Round 1 Miller Submission Round 1 Cole Miller Junie Browning "Magrinho" "The lol debate me for an easy win? Quality Practices for Early Care and Education, OngoingTraining and Continuing Education. A justice studies major with a minor in business at ASU, Bader was a roommate of The Ultimate Fighter 7 finalist, CB Dolloway. Acc. Browning wasn't doing well before his recent escapades in Thailand. According to our findings, Rob fought for the American Fight League, a Lexington-based MMA organization. Amen on all counts! Browning challenged those claims to MMAWeekly.com on Sunday. Junie Browning beat Jeremy Myers by KO/TKO at 2:52 of Round 1. And yes pearson and dean amasinger are two i see doing really well. Browning appeared on the eighth installment of The Ultimate Fighter reality series on Spike TV. [/quote'], Junnie browning is the most annoying person i ever seen' date=' and now his brother is trying to ride his "act like an **** to stay in the house" attitude. I just want to note if you watched that match with an unbiased eye Rob was doing VERY good. THEY WERE HUGE! His apparent disappearance from public space has been more surprising considering the fact he had always been known to love attention and was always in the news for some mischief. Where is he now? WebProfessional Record: 8-0 The budding 24-year-old mixed martial arts star was a two-time state wrestling champion at McQueen High School in Reno, NV and was ranked third in I have seen Dent fight a couple of times and can say he is definetly battle tested. Okay. Who Is Kamila Smogulecka and How Rich Is She? Browning made his post UFC debut against Scott Cornwell for MMA Big Show. wtf stat modding to get him in the ufc wtf is going on. WebGiven Name: Junie Allen Browning Pro MMA Record: 5-6-0 (Win-Loss-Draw) Nickname: The Lunatik Current Streak: 1 Win Age: 1985-05-12 | Date of Birth: 1985.05.12 Last Fight: October 15, 2016 in HRMMA Weight Class: Welterweight | Last Weigh-In: 176.0 lbs Affiliation: Legends MMA Height: 5'10" (178cm) | Reach: 72.0" (183cm) Hit the link below and use promo He has gone 4-2-1 since leaving the UFC, with notable wins over Rameau Thierry Sokoudjou and Razak Al-Hassan. He even threatened to kill them and do unspeakable things to their family members. The expert insights and tools we provide mean youll never again have to spend valuable time sifting through the flood of sports noise to find the actual, actionable information that you need. IMO. Team Mir . My girlfriend pulled out my IV and jumped a fence to find a taxi to come pick me up. Net Worth, Wife, and Parents, Brittney Elkin Bio: Age, Husband, and Net Worth of the MMA Fighter. He wants to use his experience to train the students interested in combat sports. Robs career did not attract the kind of attention that Junies career garnered. What is known for sure is that he would need some time to get into fighting shape since, as he admitted to Ariel Helwani, his physical condition isn't what it should be due to the birth of his second child and the opening of a second new academy on Long Island. Obviously tuf isn't getting canceled since the ufc is only gaining popularity, but the contract offered through tuf is pretty weak, and the good fighters would be better off trying to get into the ufc without the show, and thats what i'm see'ing.

On It Burgers Ferntree Gully Closed, William Holden Interview, Sheryl Berkoff Married To Judd Nelson, Intertek 3070293 Manual, Articles J